Southeast Asia Pilot by Andy Dowden & Bill O’Leary

Incorporating the Andaman Sea, Gulf of Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia… and more

Southeast Asia Pilot by Andy Dowden & Bill O’Leary

Myanmar: Mergui Archipelago

Imagine more than 800 tropical islands spread over 14,000 square miles of Indian Ocean. Imagine mountainous, jungle covered islands that teem with wildlife, spectacular waterfalls that tumble directly onto white sandy beaches fringed by pristine coral reefs. Imagine no tourists and indigenous tribes with an exotic culture who live nomadic lives aboard their tiny boats. This is the Mergui Archipelago.

That these islands exist in such an unspoilt state is due to historical accident. For 50 years following the independence of Myanmar in 1947, isolationist policies kept foreigners out. Since 1997 access into the Mergui Archipelago became possible.

Mergui archipelago Map

Of the 800 islands of the Mergui Archipelago only 50 or so are inhabited. Many are huge, some larger than Singapore. A ban on logging in the Mergui has prevented widespread deforestation, common elsewhere in Asia, and as a result all the islands are covered in thick jungle with majestic stands of Burmese Teak, Mahogany, strangler figs and other indigenous vegetation.

Most beaches are backed by trees that tower to over 150ft tall, while overhead is the constant cacophony of birds and small animals feeding in the forest canopy. The beaches are covered in animal tracks – the only human footprints in sight are the ones behind you. Jungle walks in this area, while demanding, are also very rewarding with glimpses of the elusive wildlife and superb views through the forest to the deep blue ocean beyond.

The indigenous people of the Mergui Archipelago are the Moken. These gentle, peaceful people are a source of fascination to anthropologists as they cling to their traditional nomadic existence, despite attempts to settle them in permanent villages. Traditionally the Moken do not fish. They are hunter-gatherers mainly living off shellfish collected in the inter-tidal zone.

They also free-dive for shellfish and sea cucumbers, sometimes diving to amazing depths ballasted by large stones tied to their waists. They also occasionally hunt wild boar and small deer in the forest with the aid of their dogs.

Each Moken family group lives on a flotilla (ban) of traditionally built wooden boats (kabang). Each member of the family also has his own personal dugout canoe used for foraging. When the Moken move from island to island, these dugout canoes are towed in a long chain behind their kabang.

We occasionally come across the Moken in the Mergui Archipelago. They pull into a nearby beach in their flotilla of boats. Adults, children, cats, dogs, chickens and ducks leap off each boat and rush into the jungle to forage.

Suddenly, at some hidden signal, people and animals come rushing back out of the forest and jump on the boat just before it leaves for another anchorage. Their arrivals and departures seem random and follow no obvious pattern of time or tide.

Sometimes the Moken cautiously approach our yacht with a gift of rock oysters or the haunch of a wild boar after a successful hunt. They are always delighted when we give them a gift in return – a roll of cloth or a dive mask. If the Moken do not approach you then they want to be left alone.

Plan to visit the Mergui between November and July. Mid December to the end of February is the best time, with warm, sunny conditions, a reliable 20 knots of wind every day and flat seas.

Traditional Moken boat - Photo by Ed Shiels

March and April have little wind and are very hot. These are the best months for diving and snorkelling. From May to July there are strong onshore winds and thunderstorms.

While there is large swell at this time of year, the many large islands still provide hundreds of well protected anchorages. There are occasional hurricanes in the Mergui from May to June and again from October to December. Be aware of the weather. There are many ‘hurricane holes’ in the Mergui if necessary. From July to November there is sustained heavy rain.

The charts of the Mergui are reasonable, but not entirely accurate. They become less and less accurate as you go further north. There are a great many uncharted rocks (and islands!). Navigate with care, particularly north of 11ºN where there are many rock pinnacles that rise vertically from depths of over 60 metres.

If you are on a large yacht, consider employing the services of a guide with real navigational knowledge of the area in addition to your officially provided (and compulsory) guide.

Anchorages in Mergui Archipelago
Below, we list the main anchorage locations for Mergui Archipelago that are featured in the book – together with one sample anchorage. For a complete list of all 533 anchorage locations, go to Southeast Asia Pilot index
Photo by Paul Johnson

kawthaung approaches

(Victoria Point)

If you choose to stay in the town anchorage overnight it is a good idea to fender both sides of the yacht and to leave lots of lights on…

  • KAWTHAUNG APPROACHES
  • PULAU NYOR
  • FUEL TANK
  • BAY BARWELL
Photo by Paul Johnson

The Mid Group

The islands to the south of Pu Nala offer a wide variety of day and overnight anchorages. We have chosen only some of the prettiest spots…

  • 115 (FROST ISLAND)
  • POTTER ISLAND
  • SOUTHEAST HUMP
Photo by Paul Johnson

KYUNN PHI LAR & KYUNN MEE GYI

It would be possible to spend several weeks exploring this spectacular island (Kyunn Phi Lar)… The eastern side of Kyunn Mee Gyi has a military base and is off limits…

  • KYUNN PHI LAR (GREAT SWINTON)
  • KYUNN MEE GYI (CLARA ISLAND)
Photo by Paul Johnson

KYUNN TANN SHEY (LAMPI GROUP)

Lampi is the largest island in this group and, apart from the occasional nomadic fishing village, is largely uninhabited.

  • WEST COAST LAMPI
  • PU NALA (BO CHO)
  • PULAU LABIAUNG (LINN SHU IS.)
  • KO PHAWT
  • WA ALE KYUNN
  • KAN ZAR GYI
See sample Myanmar anchorage
Lampi Group
Photo by Ed Shiels

Dommel Island to Mergui Port

  • PAN DAUNG (DOMMEL) IS.
  • THAYAWTHADANGHYI (ELPHINSTONE) IS.
  • MERGUI TOWN/PORT
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While every effort has been made to ensure that the information contained in this book is accurate, the charts of anchorages are based on personal experience and satellite imagery and are intended as a guide only. They should not be used for navigation. Please refer to Official Hydrographic Charts of the respective countries.

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